Mosaic floors

   An overview of ancient mosaic floors that are featured in

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   This web page provides an overview on Mosaic floors, listing pages that feature ancient mosaics in

    Mosaics were a common architecture element during the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods. Mosaics were used to decorate most of the the public, religious and residential buildings .

   The mosaic floor, which was designed and laid out by special artists,  is composed of thousands of colored stones which were laid out  on a layer of cement.  The mosaics depict Biblical scenes, Jewish and Christian symbols, inscriptions, nature scenes, Greek mythology stories and heroes, and other paintings.


    Artists working on a mosaic floor – AI generated by Stable Diffusion



Mosaic floors have been used since ancient times, and their history can be traced back to various civilizations. The earliest known examples of mosaic floors date back to the 8th century BC in Mesopotamia and the Near East.

The ancient Greeks were known for their intricate and colorful mosaics, which were used to decorate floors, walls, and even furniture. The most famous examples of ancient Greek mosaics can be found in the ancient city of Pompeii, which was preserved by volcanic ash after the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.

The Romans were also known for their elaborate use of mosaics, which they used to decorate public buildings, villas, and even tombs. The most famous examples of Roman mosaics can be found in the ancient city of Tivoli, near Rome.

During the Middle Ages, mosaic floors continued to be used in churches and other religious buildings. The Byzantine Empire, which lasted from the 4th century to the 15th century, was known for its intricate mosaics, which were used to decorate churches and other public buildings.

In the Renaissance period, mosaic floors became popular once again, with artists such as Michelangelo and Raphael using them in their works.

Today, mosaic floors continue to be used in both traditional and contemporary settings, with modern techniques and materials allowing for even greater creativity and flexibility in their design and application.


Links to Biblewalks sites:

A sample of ancient mosaic floors are featured in the following pages:

  • Tabcha – 5th century AD mosaics, with first feeding miracle scene

Hammat Tiberias

  • Dominus Flevit modern basilica above 5th-6th century Byzantine church ruins

  • Kursi ruins of 6th century Church – miracle of healing madman through swine

Mosaics in Kursi


  • Khirbet Heshek ruins of 5th century church, inscription dedicating to St. George

Khirbet Kheshek

  • Ein Gedi – 5th century Synagogue – the lowest mosaic in the world

Khurvat Kav, Karmiel

Western palace, Masada

“Good Samaritan” Mosaics Museum:

   A unique museum has opened in 2009 in Ma’ale Adummim, on the side of the Jerusalem-Jericho road. The museum is located on the site of the ancient inn (Khan) of the Good Samaritan. It displays archaeological findings which were excavated in the West Bank and Gaza. The museum has both an outdoor and indoor sections, and the majority of the findings are sections of the mosaic floors collected from different sites.

  Visit the site: Good Samaritan museum


  • Hecht Museum – article on ancient mosaics (abstract only)
  • Site conservation – see section on mosaics

Mosaics floor News:

Check our review of the museum – walk with us through the sites of the Holy Land

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This page was last updated on Mar 24, 2023 (add history)

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