Greek-Orthodox St. John in Ein Kerem

    A Greek Orthodox  church in Ein Kerem, built in 1894 to service the local community.

Ein Kerem - Greek-Orthodox church - view from the south

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Contents:

Overview

Location

History

Photos

Etymology

Links

Overview:

  The Greek-Orthodox convent of St John the Baptist is located on the foothills of the western hill of Ein Kerem. It served the Greek-Orthodox community  in Ein Kerem. The ancient church (1894) was restored in 1975.

Location:

The church is located on the west hill of Ein Kerem. 

History:

  • Greek Orthodox church

    The Greek-Orthodox church originated from the early Christian churches. They are the oldest Christian orders in the Holy Land, and view themselve as the descendent of the Byzantine-Christians who ruled the land before the Arab conquest.  In 1054 the church split from the Roman Catholic church (known as the “Great Schism” event) due to theological  and political conflicts and a dispute on the supremacy of Rome over all other churches. The Greek-Orthodox church has four autonomous centers, with the Patriarchate of Jerusalem being the center of the church in the Holy Land. It is the largest church in Israel, with about 33% of the population – while the other churches are roughly 25% Greek-Catholics (Melkite) , 18% Latin-Catholics,  4% Maronite and 20% other Christians.

  • Church in Ein Kerem

The church in Ein Kerem was built to serve the local Greek-Orthodox community in Ein-Kerem. It was constructed in 1894, on ruins of earlier levels. The church was restored in 1975.


Photos:

(a) General view:

The photo below shows a view from the road on the south side of the church.

Click on the photos to view  in higher resolution…

Ein Kerem - Greek-Orthodox church - view from the south

A view of the church is seen from the north-west.

Ein Kerem - Greek-Orthodox church - view from the west

A view of the church from the south side.

Ein Kerem - Greek-Orthodox church - view from the south

(b) Entrance:

The entrance is located on the west side.

Ein Kerem - Greek-Orthodox church - view from the west

On top of the entrance to the church is a seal with the date of the construction – 1894.

Ein Kerem - Greek-Orthodox church - entrance

A closer view of the seal of the Greek Orthodox patriarchate of Jerusalem. The structure in the center of the seal is the Aedicule – the structure of Jesus tomb in the Rotunda within the  Holy Sepulcher. (Thanks to S. Browns for his correction)

Seal above the Greek Orthodox church

Etymology (behind the name):

  • Kerem – Hebrew: vineyard. As in 1 Kings 23 1: “”And it came to pass after these things, that Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard”.
  • Ein, Ma’ayan – Hebrew: spring. Based on “Ma’im” – water. There are dozens of references in the Bible, since water was a major factor in this dry land.
  • Ein Kerem (Karem) – the spring of the vineyard.
  • BetHaccerem – Hebrew: The house of the vineyard. Beth – house.
  • John – the Baptist. from Hebrew, “Yochanan”, which means: Yo  (God) + Chanan (Pardoned). Thus the name in Hebrew means ” God has pardoned”.  Biblical Reference: Mark 1 4,5: “John did baptize in the wilderness…in the river of Jordan”.

Links:

* Other BibleWalks sites in Ein Kerem:

Overview of Ein Kerem

Visitation church

Mary’s spring

St. John Ba Harim

Sisters of Lady of Zion

Russian Convent

* Other related BibleWalks sites:

St John the Baptist, Christian quarter

* External links:

Jerusalem Patriarch


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This page was last updated on Jan 16, 2013

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