Birds of the Holy Land

     A cross reference of birds in sites of the Holy Land.

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This web page summarizes the sites that feature birds which relate to Biblical verses or subjects.







Israel is a birding superpower, with 500 million birds of over 500 species crossing Israel twice a year between Europe & Africa.

As an agriculture society, the Israelites were intimately connected with nature in general, and in birds in particular. The Bible uses the birds in numerous texts –  approximately 300 references from Genesis to Revelation.

Bird themes are also found in ancient art – illustrated on the mosaic floors during the Roman and Byzantine periods.

Sites with Birds:

The following table lists the sites with birds that are featured in BibleWalks.

Click on the site’s name to see more information, or on the photo to view it in higher resolution.

Bird’s_name Biblical & Historical







Bird Watcher Bird watchers come here from all over the world. Gamla




Jeremiah 48 40: “For thus saith the Lord; Behold, he shall fly as an eagle, and shall spread his wings over Moab”. Gamla


Glossy Ibis Afek


White Storks Zechariah 5,9: “… and the wind was in their wings; for they had wings like the wings of a stork: and they lifted up … between the earth and the heaven”. Hittim


Dove? Birds carved on the facade and sides of burial tomb Shefaram


Pelican In this carving is a mother pelican with its young birds standing on her left and right; they are picking her heart, eating her flesh and sucking her blood. Symbolizes Jesus and his sacrifice to his disciples, as in Matthew 26: “Take, eat; this is my body…. Drink ye all of it; For this is my blood of the new testament…”. Last Supper



Water birds

Mosaics with scenes of water plants and water birds, scenes that are typical of the swamps of north-east area of the Sea of Galilee and Chula lake. Tabcha


Griffon Vulture

(Gypus Fulvus)

The vulture soars above the small crater in the Negev desert.

Job 28 7: “There is a path which no fowl knoweth, and which the vulture’s eye hath not seen”:

Small Crater


Etymology (behind the name):

  • Zippor – Hebrew: Bird
  • Baal Kanaf – Hebrew: Has wings.
  •  Jonah (Yonah) – Hebrew for “dove”.

Links: – Gateway to the Land of the Bible

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This page was last updated on Mar 18, 2011

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