Sarid is one of Zebulun cities, and located in the Jezreel valley. Near the Tell (in Arabic, Sadud, which preserved the name) is the Kibbutz by the same name, Sarid.
Joshua 19: 10: "And the third lot came up for the children of Zebulun according to their families; and the border of their inheritance was unto Sarid."
Sarid is a Biblical city in the Jezreel valley. It was mentioned in the bible as belonging to the area of Zebulun. Today the Tell (mound) is located near Kibbutz Sarid.
The Tell can be seen while driving from Nahalal towards Afula, near the junction of Migdal Haemek and Kefar Baruch. The name of the Tell in Arabic is "Sadud" or "Shadud", which preserved the ancient name and is one of the keys for the site's identification.
The site of Tell Sarid was inhabited for 2000 years: starting from the Bronze age, and continued to be in use throughout the Israelite/Iron Age, up to the Hellenistic period (2-3 C BC).
Map of the area around Sarid -From Canaanite/Israelite periods to the Roman period - 15C BC through 3 C AD (based on Bible Mapper 3.0)
In the Roman times this site was already deserted, but the Roman road passed nearby. This road connected Sepphoris to Legio (Megiddo), and from there to the south of Israel and Egypt. Since Jesus traveled several times from Nazareth to Judea and Jerusalem and back, he must have passed this site by this road.
In 1868 a German Christian sect tried to settle near the Tell, near the ruins of Khirbet Huneifis (Akhnifs, or Ikhneifis). After a short time they encountered hardships, became sick and died from Malaria, and decided to evacuate the site to other places.
The area around Tell Sarid was examined in the PEF survey (1866-1877) by Wilson, Conder and Kitchener.
It appears at the top-left side of a section of sheet 8, and is named "Tell Shadud".
Their report (Sheet VIII p. 68) was short:
"Tell Shadud (Mi) —A good-sized artificial mound, with fine springs beneath on the south".
Also seen in this section are:
Ikhneifis - where the Germans settled
Jungar - where Kibbutz Ginegar is located
Tarbaneh - the Roman/Byzantine village (Horvat Tarbenet)
Part of Map Sheet 8 of Survey of Western Palestine, by Conder and Kitchener, 1872-1877. (Published 1880, reprinted by LifeintheHolyLand.com)
A kibbutz by the same name, Sarid, was established in 1926 in the area west to the Tell.
This is the aerial view of the area from the east side. Pointing on purple points will automatically scroll to the relevant photo, text or web page.
This is the view from the south, close to the road from Migdal Haemek to Kefar Baruch. As can be seen, its a large Tell.
Click on the photos to view in higher resolution...
A view from the valley below the Tell, a small creek that used to flow water from the springs nearby (Ein Haklil) into Lake Baruch and Kishon river. It was one of the sources of water for the Tell. Another source of water was Sadud springs, on the south-eastern side of the hill (across the road).
This text described the borders of the Tribe of Zebulun (Zevulun), where the territory is referenced to Sarid (the border goes west and east to the city):
"And the third lot came up for the children of Zebulun according to their families; and the border of their inheritance was unto Sarid. And their border went up westward, even to Maralah, and reached to Dabbesheth; and it reached to the brook that is before Jokneam. And it turned from Sarid eastward toward the sunrising unto the border of Chisloth-tabor; ...".
In this text the name "Yessded", breaking the clods of the ground, which may be the source of the name (see also below in the Etymology).
" Doth the plowman plow all day to sow? doth he open and break the clods of his ground?"
Another text uses the word "Yesadad":
"Canst thou bind the unicorn with his band in the furrow? or will he
harrow the valleys after thee?"
Another text using the word "Yesaded":
"And Ephraim is as an heifer that is taught, and loveth to tread out the corn; but I passed over upon her fair neck: I will make Ephraim to ride; Judah shall plow, and Jacob shall break his clods".
Maps: 71, 72
* Tell - a layered mound (read about the story of the Tells)
* Sarid - in Hebrew: remnant. However, the common interpretation for the source of the name is "Sadid". The verb is Sidud, which means in Hebrew: crumbling, loosening (of soil), as a preparation for seeding the field. There are several Biblical references to the use of this word - see above.