Elijah

  One of the most important Biblical prophets. Lived in the 9th C BC during the years of King Ahab and queen Jezebel.

 Elijah slaughters the Ba'al prophets - a statue in the Mukhraka church

 

 

 

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Contents:

Introduction

Biblical References

Sites of Elijah

Etymology

Quiz

 

Introduction:

 

    This page summarizes the sites associated with the life of the prophet Elijah.

 

   Elijah was one of the important Biblical prophets, who lived in the 9th C BC during the times of King Ahab and his wicked queen Jezebel.   Elijah is regarded by all faiths  (Jews, Christians, Muslims and Druze) as  a healer, a miracle maker, and a great hero who stood against the might of Kings and false prophets. He is incorporated in many of the religious accounts (such as the transfiguration of Jesus) and traditions.

 

Illustration of Elijah - Keren Carmel (Mukhraka)

 

  Elijah operated in the area of the Carmel and the northern parts of Israel, and left his name and memory of events in many Biblical and ancient places. This page summarizes the sites where Elijah operated, and are featured in BibleWalks.com.

 

East edge of Mount Carmel - Keren Carmel (Mukhraka) - the traditional place of the victory of prophet Elijah over the Baal prophets.

 

 

Biblical References:

 

1 Kings 17: 1

 

   Elijah came from the Gilead, east of the Jordan river, and was a prophet during the rein of King Ahab of the North kingdom of Israel.

   "And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead, said unto Ahab, As the LORD God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word".
 

1 Kings 18: 40

 

 

   This is the text on Elijah the prophet and the slaughter of the Baal prophets.

 

   King Ahab contested the prophet against his false prophets, and Elijah -with the help of the true God - prevailed. He slaughtered the 450 Baal prophets in the Kishon riverside, somewhere around this site.

 

   "...And Elijah said unto them, Take the prophets of Baal; let not one of them escape. And they took them: and Elijah brought them down to the brook Kishon, and slew them there".

 

 

 

   Read more on Keren Carmel which is located on the Carmel above this site, and is associated with Elijah and this event.

 

 

 

Slaughter of the Baal prophets - by Gustav Dore (French artist, 1832-1883)

 

Sites of Elijah:

 

   The following table lists the sites of the events of Elijah that are featured in BibleWalks. Click on the site's name to see more information on each site.

 

  Site Reference Event    
   

 

Elijah's

Cave

 

North-west corner of the Carmel

 

 

 

 

   1 King 18:42:

 

""...And Elijah went up to the top of Carmel"

   A traditional site where Elijah lived and hid from Ahab and Jezebel. Click on the photos to  enlarge them.

 

 Elijah's cave - right wing

 
     Tell Yizreel

 

South-east side of the Galilee

 

 

1 Kings 18: 45-46:

 

"And it came to pass in the mean while, that the heaven was black with clouds and wind, and there was a great rain. And Ahab rode, and went to Jezreel. And the hand of the LORD was on Elijah; and he girded up his loins, and ran before Ahab to the entrance of Jezreel".

 

    At the end of the contest Ahab returns back to the city, which became the winter capital of the Kings of Israel. Tell Yizreel: walls on the south side

 

 
     Keren Carmel

    (Mukhraka)

 

East side of the Carmel

1 King 18: 38:

 

 "Then the fire of the LORD fell, and consumed the burnt sacrifice, and the wood, and the stones, and the dust, and licked up the water that was in the trench".

    Victory of prophet Elijah over the Baal prophets. Elijah slaughters the Ba'al prophets - a statue in the Mukhraka church  
   

Khirbet Dubah

 

East side of Carmel.

 

   1 Kings 18: 20:

 

"So Ahab sent unto all the children of Israel, and gathered the prophets together unto mount Carmel".

    Another tradition of the place of Elijah's  contest with the Baal prophets.  

 

View of Khirbet Dubah from the south side.

 

 

 
   

Tell Kassis (Qassis)

 

A mound near the Kishon river.

 

 

 

 

1 Kings 18:40:

 

"...and Elijah brought them down to the brook Kishon, and slew them there".

 

 

 

 

 

   A traditional site of the slaughter  of the Baal prophets. The name of the site means "the mount of the priest", based on this tradition.

 

 
     Kishon Brook

 

West and north of the Carmel.

 

 

   1 Kings 18:40:

 

 "... and Elijah brought them down to the brook Kishon, and slew them there.".
 

The Kishon creek passes through additional ancient sites, including Tell Mea'mer (Geva, Gaba).

 
 

Carmelite Monastery,

     Stella Maris

 

    1 Kings 18:42:

"...And Elijah went up to the top of Carmel; "

    A Carmelite monastery and church on the west top side of the Carmel. The structure was rebuilt in the 19th C, and is one of the most popular sites in Haifa. According to the tradition, a small cave in the church is where Elijah stayed.

 

 

 

 

 

 
    Greek Catholic Church,

Mi'iliya

1 Kings 18:40:

 

 "... and Elijah brought them down to the brook Kishon, and slew them there.".

 

A Greek-Catholic (Melkite) church, located on the top of the hill where the Crusaders Kings fortress once stood. Mi'ilya church  
    Siah Brook, West Carmel 1 Kings 19:9: "And he came thither unto a cave, and lodged there"

The spring and cave are located in Siah brook, on the north-western side of the Carmel.

 

According to Carmelite tradition,  the cave was the residence of prophet's Elijah place.

Spring and cave in Siah Brook, Carmel  
    Mar Elias,

Jerusalem/Bethlehem

1 Kings 19: 2: Then Jezebel sent a messenger unto Elijah... And when he saw that, he arose, and went for his life, and came to Beersheba, which belongeth to Judah..."

The monastery is named after prophet Elijah (St. Elias), who according to tradition stopped here on his way to the south while fleeing from the anger of queen Jezebel, after slaying the Baal prophets on the Carmel.

 

Mar Elias Monastery

   

 

 
    Elijah's "watermelons"      These stones are quartz balls, the size of various sizes such as a golf ball or melon;  if the stone is broken it has a colored inner texture. Elijah's "Watermelons"  
    El-Khader cave

Beit Kerem

   1 Kings 19:9: "And he came thither unto a cave, and lodged there"

 

 

  A Holy cave on the cliffs above the northern side of Beit-Kerem.  According to Arabic tradition - Elijah's hiding cave. A Crusader chapel dedicated to St George is built in front of the cave.

 

 

 

El-Khader cave, above Beit-Kerem valley  
 

 Jordan-Jericho

2 King 2: "...So they came to Jericho... and they two stood by Jordan.... and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven".

 Site of Elijah's departure - the Jordan river near Jericho.

 

 

 

Etymology (behind the name):
 

Elijah - The prophet.  In Hebrew: Eliyahu. Means in Hebrew: Eli (my God) + Yahu (the Lord, the Hebrew God). Thus the name means "The Lord is my God". Elijah came from a place called Tishbi, in the region of Gilad - east to the Jordan river.

   Biblical reference: 1 Kings 17:1: "And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead, said unto Ahab, As the LORD God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word".

 

Elias - Greek for "Elijah" the prophet. Elijah plays an important role in the Greek-Orthodox church. According to the tradition and Biblical texts, Elijah gave his spirit and power to John the Baptist, the forerunner of Jesus.

 

Elijah Knowledge Quiz:

 

     New! Check your knowledge on Elijah - play the BibleWalks game to get to the "treasure box". 

                                            Click here to start.

 

 

 

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